Obesity has reached epidemic proportions in this country, with 31 percent of white, 38 percent of Hispanic, and 49 percent of African American women considered overweight or obese (2002 Statistics). Obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 30kg/m2 while overweight is defined as a BMI of 25 Ц30 kg/m2.
Infertility in obese and overweight women is primarily related to ovulatory dysfunction. Anovulation often results in irregular menstrual cycles. Indeed, studies have shown that 30 percent to 47 percent of obese women will have irregular menstrual cycles. The likelihood of irregular menstrual cycles increases in direct proportion to increases in weight.
In addition, women who weigh more than the recommended weight for their height and age pose a risk to their developing fetus. This is because overweight pregnant women often have larger fetuses and more likely need a C-section to prevent a difficult delivery that may both injure the mother and baby.
Moreover, once pregnancy occurs, obese women have a higher rate of pregnancy loss. In fact, studies show they have up to a two-fold higher risk of miscarriage compared to normal weight women. It is not clear why this occurs. Nonetheless, weight loss can dramatically decrease the risk of miscarriage.
Overall, however, the women in the study, who ranged in age from 18 to 78 years, were as likely to have been pregnant and to have given birth to at least one live child as women in the general population. Seventy-nine percent of those who took part in the study had been pregnant at least once, and 74 percent had at least one live birth, the researchers found.
Before delivery, overweight moms-to-be are at a higher risk of developing diabetes - known as gestational diabetes - during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is associated with metabolic problems in the fetus, such as low blood sugar and jaundice. As well as, the fetus of overweight mothers may experience excessive growth, which often leads to difficulties during labor.
Heavy women also tend to be less active, and more susceptible to developing deep venous thrombosis or DVT in their legs due too poor circulation which forms blood clots. Blood clots can cause life-threatening complications if left untreated, especially during pregnancy.
Apart from weight loss, treatments for infertility in obese women do not differ substantially from treatments in non-obese women.
Women who become obese -- a step above overweight -- by the age of 18 are more likely to become infertile and develop polycystic ovarian syndrome than others, new research suggests.
Before a woman even gets pregnant, the extra tens of pounds of weight may cause infertility. For instance, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS), a condition where cysts (fluid-filled sacs) form on the ovaries and disrupts the regular menstrual cycle, is commonly associated with overweight and obese women. As well as, fat tissue can produce an excess of estrogen. As a result, overweight and obese women may experience hormonal imbalance that can prevent ovulation.
About half of the study participants aged 18 to 44 who could become pregnant said they wouldn't try to have more children after bariatric surgery. The women in this group hadn't reached menopause and weren't sterilized, didn't have partners who were sterilized, and didn't have some other obstacle in the way of pregnancy.
However, 30 percent of the women who could still become pregnant stated that pregnancy was very important to them, and one-third of this group planned to get pregnant within two years of undergoing bariatric surgery, the study authors noted.
Most health care professionals recommend overweight women who are planning to get pregnant to lower their BMI by losing weight. However, losing weight rapidly before conception can lower your odds of conceiving and increase your risks of other pregnancy complications such as toxemia. So, the best thing to do is to cut down the weight at least six months before trying to conceive.
For weight loss and fitness ideas consider different exercises that compliment your busy lifestyle. It may be walking on your lunch breaks, signing up for a yoga class, doing Pilates or a relaxing swim after work. Consult your doctor for ways you can improve your fertility by changing your lifestyle and maintaining a healthy diet and exercise routine.
In fact, are there any obese women at www jeegar com?
Some men could find them attractive, I'm sure, inspite of fertility problems, eh?